Abstract/Details

The effect of rural -to -urban migration on the diet and nutritional status of a peri -urban population in Iran


2001 2001

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

In spring 1994, a survey covering a total of 300 households was carried out to study the effect of rural-to-urban migration on nutritional status of recent migrants in Islamshahr, a peri-urban area of Tehran, Iran. The sample consisted of 97 long term migrant, 96 short term migrant and 107 rural households. The study revealed that intake of food energy, protein and almost all nutrients was higher among migrants. On average, both migrant and rural population had intakes of zinc and riboflavin below the requirements. In addition, the rural population had low intakes of vitamin C due to lower consumption of vegetables and poorer food diversity. About 26% of migrant children were stunted compared to 21% rural. The peak of stunting for short term migrant children was in 3–4 years age group suggesting a pre-migration history of chronic malnutrition. The prevalence of both underweight and overweight was higher for short term migrant adults. These facts and the observed better standard of living for the migrants suggest that rural-to-urban migration was mainly the result of rural-urban socio-economic inequalities which has to be addressed in the country's development policies.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Nutrition
Classification
0570: Nutrition
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Diet; Iran; Migration; Nutritional status; Peri-urban; Rural-to-urban
Title
The effect of rural -to -urban migration on the diet and nutritional status of a peri -urban population in Iran
Author
Giahi, Fatemeh
Number of pages
198
Publication year
2001
Degree date
2001
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 62/01, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
0493083529, 9780493083520
Advisor
Pellett, Peter
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3000306
ProQuest document ID
220160944
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/220160944
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.