Abstract/Details

The relationship among emotional intelligence, self -management and glycemic control in individuals with type 1 diabetes


2001 2001

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Abstract (summary)

Background. Diabetes brings with it a regimen that has a major impact on an individual's daily life Results from the Diabetes Complication and Control Trial (DCCT) note that insulin dependent diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease requiring intensive daily management. This ten-year trial provides unarguable evidence of the importance of self-management. The findings of the DCCT have been widely publicized, yet many individuals continue to manage their diabetes very poorly. A significant nursing problem encountered in the care of patients is the “why” behind an individual's application or non-application of self-management. Although there has been a great deal of speculation about what influences self-management, the application of the emotional intelligence model provides new insight into this familiar nursing problem.

Objective. This dissertation research examined the relationship among emotional intelligence, self-management, and glycemic control in adults with type 1 diabetes.

Method. A descriptive correlational study design was employed. A sample of 90 adults with type 1 diabetes was obtained from a hospital affiliated diabetes center and via networking. The Multifactor Emotional Intelligence Scale was utilized to measure total and four branch scores of emotional intelligence. The Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities was utilized to measure self-management.

Results. Data provided partial support for hypothesis 1, in adults with type 1 diabetes, there is a significant relationship between emotional intelligence and self-management practices; support for hypothesis 2, in adults with type 1 diabetes, there is a significant relationship between emotional intelligence and glycemic control in nudes only; and partial support for hypothesis 3; in adults with type 1 diabetes, there is a significant relationship between self-management practices and glycemic control.

Conclusions. This study has added to the knowledge regarding the factors that influence self-management behavior. The data generated in this exploratory study are a beginning effort to see the relationship of emotional intelligence, self-management, and glycemic control and provide an impetus to look beyond what has traditionally been examined in the hopes of gaining a better understanding of self-management. Emotional intelligence may be a factor in enriching this understanding.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Nursing;
Behavioral sciences;
Public health;
Diabetes;
Glycemic index;
Emotional intelligence
Classification
0569: Nursing
0384: Behaviorial sciences
0573: Public health
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences, Psychology, Diabetes, Emotional intelligence, Glycemic control, Self-management
Title
The relationship among emotional intelligence, self -management and glycemic control in individuals with type 1 diabetes
Author
Samar, Annmarie Donahue
Number of pages
148
Publication year
2001
Degree date
2001
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 62/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780493224923, 0493224920
Advisor
Fain, James A.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3012180
ProQuest document ID
230807719
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/230807719
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