Abstract/Details

Correcting misconceptions in wettability theory and utilizing fluid surface tension to create complex hierarchical polymer structures


2009 2010

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Abstract (summary)

Nanoimprinting with anodized aluminum membranes was performed to produce nanoposts with controlled diameter and aspect ratio. The polymer nanoposts were found to remain upright and preserve the post-packing structure at low aspect ratios, but succumbed to elastocapillary coalescence at higher aspect ratios, with the morphology of the aggregates directly related to the aspect ratio of the polymer nanoposts. Replication of the replicated nanoposts at low aspect ratio was achieved to reproduce the pore packing structure of the original alumina membrane.

Teflon microparticles were found to be effective stabilizers for inverse foams, producing dry water with excellent flow properties and contact stability and consisting of non-spherical liquid marbles 90-500 microns in diameter. The chemical inertness of the PTFE particles allowed for use of not only water, but also aqueous solutions of acids and bases and organic molecules including ionic liquids and water-soluble polymers. The teflon particle shell stabilized the liquid drop such that two particles containing two solutions which would ordinarily mix and/or react would remain separate.

The wettability studies focused on demonstrating that entrapped gases are not responsible for Cassie superhydrophobic wetting behavior, that the removal of the pockets of air would not lead to Wenzel wetting behavior with an increase in contact angle hysteresis. The measurement of advancing and receding contact angles on surfaces with controlled topography consisting of square posts holes showed that the contact angles remained unchanged despite removal of over 90% of the air. It showed that water was not intruding into the hydrophobic topography because the Laplace pressure was thermodynamically preventing water from increasing its interaction with the topographically-patterned surface. Wettability studies were also aimed at extending our understanding of wettability as a one-dimensional phenomenon from the three-phase contact line perspective, by investigating the ability of hydrophilic arcs, short and long wedges, and the outlines of the wedges, to pin water drops on hydrophobic, low hysteresis surfaces. They were additionally aimed at studying the ability of hydrophilic lines to deform the three-phase contact line of a water drop and kinetically trap a water drop in a distorted shape on a hydrophobic surface.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Polymer chemistry
Classification
0495: Polymer chemistry
Identifier / keyword
Pure sciences, Anodized alumina membranes, Dry water, Elastocapillary coalescence, Inverse foams, Nanorods, Surface tension, Wettability
Title
Correcting misconceptions in wettability theory and utilizing fluid surface tension to create complex hierarchical polymer structures
Author
Cheng, Dalton Frederick
Number of pages
199
Publication year
2009
Degree date
2010
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 71/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781109698596
Advisor
McCarthy, Thomas J.
Committee member
Carter, Kenneth R.; Rothstein, Jonathan P.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Department
Polymer Science & Engineering
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3397690
ProQuest document ID
250924464
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/250924464
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