Abstract/Details

Slavery's children: A study of growth and childhood sex ratios in the New York African Burial Ground


2002 2002

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Abstract (summary)

This dissertation reports on the research related to childhood growth and sex ratios of the children from the Eighteenth century New York African Burial Ground (NYABG) cemetery population. NYABG is the largest archaeological cemetery population of enslaved Africans in North America. A total of 349 individuals comprise the baseline sample for the construction of stationary paleodemographic tables. One hundred ninety-six individuals under 25 years of age comprise the sub-sample for which analyses related to questions regarding childhood sex ratio, growth status, and childhood labor are undertaken.

A morphological technique for sexing immature skeletons is tested for the first time in this project. The results of this test are then utilized in the construction of the sex ratio composition for this segment of the NYABG. Growth is assessed by examining stature estimates and standardized long bone lengths for individuals in relation to skeletal indicators of biomechanical stress, generalized pathologies, and major indicators of nutritional status.

Research questions related to the life experiences of these children in a colonial slave regime are explored by incorporating historical information and the results of the analysis of growth and development and sex ratio structure within a biocultural framework. This framework integrates modes of production, as put forth by Wolf (1982), to increase the explanatory dimensions of the biocultural theoretical model.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Physical anthropology;
Archaeology;
American history;
Black history
Classification
0327: Physical anthropology
0324: Archaeology
0337: American history
0328: Black history
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences, African Burial Ground, Childhood sex ratios, New York, Sex ratios, Slavery
Title
Slavery's children: A study of growth and childhood sex ratios in the New York African Burial Ground
Author
Goode-Null, Susan Kay
Number of pages
233
Publication year
2002
Degree date
2002
School code
0118
Source
DAI-A 63/06, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780493715049, 0493715045
Advisor
Swedlund, Alan C.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3056230
ProQuest document ID
275650692
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/275650692
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