Abstract/Details

Fundamentals and applications of solid -fluid equilibrium: Crystallization -based separations


2002 2002

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Abstract (summary)

This work is concerned with using solid-fluid equilibrium in separations by crystallization, as well as providing some fundamental understanding of intermolecular forces in solid-fluid equilibrium. The goal is to develop systematic procedures for crystallization-based separations of complex molecules such as chiral molecules and ampholytes, while providing a link between the molecular scale and the plant scale through the use of solid-fluid equilibrium phase diagrams. Major aspects of this project include synthesis of chiral crystallization processes, crystallization of amino acids and ampholytes, crystallization of enantiomers and polymorphs accounting for kinetics and mass transfer effects, and molecular models of solid-fluid equilibrium of single components and mixtures. Process systems engineering for crystallization of these molecules is facilitated by the use of solid-fluid equilibrium phase diagrams. Some of the complexities in the phase diagrams of these molecules, such as polymorphism and compound formation, are related to the phase diagrams of simple molecular models of aromatic hydrocarbons.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Chemical engineering;
Chemistry
Classification
0542: Chemical engineering
0494: Chemistry
Identifier / keyword
Applied sciences; Pure sciences; Crystallization-based; Phase diagrams; Racemic mixtures; Separations; Solid-fluid equilibrium
Title
Fundamentals and applications of solid -fluid equilibrium: Crystallization -based separations
Author
Schroer, Joseph William
Number of pages
295
Publication year
2002
Degree date
2002
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 63/06, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780493717173, 049371717X
Advisor
Monson, Peter A.; Ng, Ka M.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3056277
ProQuest document ID
275676945
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/275676945
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