Abstract/Details

Social desensitization and DWI in New Mexico: A phenomenological study of the social influence upon the decision to drink and drive


2010 2010

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Abstract (summary)

Driving while intoxicated (DWI) is a serious event that plagues not only the nation, but the State of New Mexico with deadly repercussions. Rates of occurrences are at all-time highs, with no foreseeable and significant decline in arrests, accidents, and deaths. In Bernalillo County, New Mexico, DWI arrests increased 13% in 2007 from those in 2006 (Wilham, 2008). Nationwide the trends for arrest are just as staggering, with 1.48 million arrests having been made for DWI in 2008 (FBI, 2009). Despite these deadly rates, it was argued by the researcher that the occurrence or act of DWI has been viewed by society as just another crime. This view was investigated as a plausible cause of what is referred to as social desensitization, a factor that may perpetuate incidents of DWI. The purpose of this research study was to examine whether social desensitization holds relevance or experiential significance as to the decision to drink and drive. This phenomenological study was conducted using a personal interview method to collect data implementing an open-ended, semi-structured interview guide. A randomly selected sample of 20 DWI offenders incarcerated within the Bernalillo County Metropolitan Detention Center in Albuquerque, New Mexico was voluntarily recruited for participation in the study. Given the responses from the participants, as incarcerated DWI offenders, the phenomenon of social desensitization was identified and determined to be an influential player in the decision to drink and drive. Although the results from this study can only be generalized to the population of DWI offenders within the Bernalillo County Metropolitan Detention Center, the benefits of this study are that, given the identification of social desensitization as a plausible influence and role in an offender's decision to drink and drive, future avenues with new perspectives for additional research into DWI and its reduction have been opened.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Social psychology;
Criminology;
Drunk driving;
Phenomenology
Classification
0451: Social psychology
0627: Criminology
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Psychology; DWI; Desensitization; Driving while intoxicated; Interviews; New Mexico; Phenomenology; Prisoners; Qualitative; Social desensitization
Title
Social desensitization and DWI in New Mexico: A phenomenological study of the social influence upon the decision to drink and drive
Author
Johnstone, Michael S.
Number of pages
232
Publication year
2010
Degree date
2010
School code
1351
Source
DAI-A 71/05, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781109723021
Advisor
Ho, Truc-Nhu
Committee member
Henderson, Howard; Kennedy, Bernice
University/institution
Capella University
Department
School of Human Services
University location
United States -- Minnesota
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3398684
ProQuest document ID
275960373
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/275960373
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