Abstract/Details

Population management modeling for the Puritan tiger beetle


2001 2001

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Abstract (summary)

Population management modeling uses mathematical models to forecast risk for imperiled species under alternative management scenarios. I used that approach to inform decision-making for the Puritan tiger beetle, a federally listed threatened species, on the Connecticut River. I found that density of larvae in the Cromwell-Portland metapopulation is greater in areas with predominantly fine sand. Along the lowermost 110km of the river, a cluster of beaches in Windsor, Connecticut most closely resembles the areas where there is high density. I conducted a mark-recapture study in the Cromwell-Portland metapopulation to measure movement among habitat patches. We marked approximately 600 beetles in both 1999 and 2000 with about 30% resighting rate and 4–6% having moved among patches. Encounter histories were analyzed to estimate daily survival, movement, and resighting probabilities. I then extrapolated those daily probabilities to net movement using computer simulations. Net movement rates between pairs of habitat patches separated by about 1.4km was about 3% (ind/ind/generation) in 1999 and 12% in 2000, net movement between pairs of beaches separated by 2.7km was 0.4% in 1999 and 3% in 2000. I used maximum likelihood methods to analyze count data from the Cromwell-Portland metapopulation. Among seven models that I fit to the time series, model selection criteria indicated that the data support a simple exponential model, a model with isotropic movement, or a model with density-dependence. Regardless of the model selected, the count data reveal positive population growth (r0 ≅ 0.16 for the exponential model, 0.04 for the model with movement, and 0.2 or higher for the model with density-dependence). Finally, I compared the risk of decline within metapopulations and the chance of increased regional abundance over the next thirty years under five management alternatives. The results suggested that translocating 100 Puritan tiger beetle larvae to Windsor each of the next two years is unlikely to exacerbate the risk of decline in the source metapopulation and is more likely to lead to there being three large metapopulations than improving habitat in the source metapopulation or augmenting another, smaller metapopulation.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Ecology;
Entomology
Classification
0329: Ecology
0353: Entomology
Identifier / keyword
Biological sciences, Cicindela puritana, Connecticut River, Population management, Puritan tiger beetle, Threatened species
Title
Population management modeling for the Puritan tiger beetle
Author
Omland, Kristian Shawn
Number of pages
111
Publication year
2001
Degree date
2001
School code
0056
Source
DAI-B 62/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780493464954, 0493464956
Advisor
Turchin, Peter
University/institution
University of Connecticut
University location
United States -- Connecticut
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3034025
ProQuest document ID
276268397
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/276268397
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