The influence of principal leadership characteristics and actions on teacher retention: Teachers' lived experience
The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to explore the attitudes and opinions of teachers of School District X in Central Colorado, to identify how principal leadership characteristics and actions influenced teacher retention attitudes and opinions. Twenty-four teachers from the district volunteered for the interviews. The process of phenomenological enquiry provided the structure to identify the essence of the phenomenon and to describe it accurately through the subjects' lived experience. The text data from each interview underwent the steps of the five key features of phenomenological design; bracketing, reduction, free variation, intuiting, and description. Microsoft Word 2007 and NVivo 8 software helped in the data analysis process to verify the emergent themes. Textural and structural descriptions then occurred using the five features of phenomenological design. The resulting five core themes were (a) support, (b) communication, (c) vision and direction, (d) professional behaviors, and (e) micromanagement. The implications derived from this study indicate that principals influence teacher attitudes toward remaining in or leaving the field of education. The knowledge gained from this study points to some leadership characteristics and actions that principals can adopt or avoid to decrease attrition in their schools.
0461: School Administration