Abstract/Details

A SPEECH ACT THEORY BASED INTERPRETATION MODEL FOR WRITTEN TEXTS (INTENTIONALITY, PRAGMATICS, COMPREHENSION, SOCIAL INTERACTION)


1984 1984

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Abstract (summary)

In recent years, so called Speech Act Theory (a branch of the philosophy of language) has focused on such concepts as 'intention' (or 'intentionality'), 'interaction' and 'comprehension'. The author believes that this theory gives the theoretical basis for an interpretation model which is developed in this study.

After human speech activities are placed in the larger context of human actions, a model which explains the performing process of speech acts is presented. In this model, four levels of intentionality are posited: utterance intent, propositional intent, illocutionary intent, and perlocutionary intent. These levels of intentionality are inseparable from each other and operate simultaneously in performing speech acts. Speech acts are categorized according to their illocutionary intents. Six major categories are suggested: Representatives, Directives, Commissives, Expressives, Declarations, and Responsives.

The model of the speaker presented above is completed when the model of the hearer (or interpreter) is added to it. The combined model, which can be called a cyclic or interactive model, is developed. Corresponding to the four levels of intentions on the part of the speaker, four levels of effects are posited in order to explain the 'comprehension' process of the hearer. These four levels of effects are: utterance effect, propositional effect, illocutionary effect, and perlocutionary effect. It is contended that only after this stage of comprehension can the hearer make a legitimate response to the speaker by his 'decision' and 'response action'. The process of comprehension, then, is explained extensively, paying particular attention to the concepts of 'context' and 'inference'.

The main contributions of the study are: (i) the resolutions of some of the lingering theoretical problems in Speech Act Theory; (ii) the development of an interactive model of speech acts, which is applied to text analysis; and (iii) the development of such concepts as 'author's intent structure' and 'referential intent structure' for the application of Speech Act Theory to text analysis.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Linguistics
Classification
0290: Linguistics
Identifier / keyword
Language, literature and linguistics
Title
A SPEECH ACT THEORY BASED INTERPRETATION MODEL FOR WRITTEN TEXTS (INTENTIONALITY, PRAGMATICS, COMPREHENSION, SOCIAL INTERACTION)
Author
MANABE, TAKASHI
Number of pages
405
Publication year
1984
Degree date
1984
School code
2502
Source
DAI-A 46/05, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
University/institution
The University of Texas at Arlington
University location
United States -- Texas
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
8515329
ProQuest document ID
303361297
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/303361297
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