Abstract/Details

THE ROLES OF SUPPORT ORGANIZATIONS IN WORKER COOPERATIVE SYSTEMS: A COMPARATIVE CASE STUDY


1986 1986

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Abstract (summary)

The importance of cooperative "support organizations" or "shelter organizations" in providing resources, advice, and assistance to worker cooperatives has received increasing recognition. This research investigates two types of cooperative support organizations: "second degree cooperatives," which are formed when cooperatives join together or federate to undertake common functions; and "cooperative development organizations," which are formed externally by government or private sponsors to stimulate cooperative development. Little research has been done on the roles that the newer cooperative development organizations play, or in what ways they are similar or dissimilar to second degree cooperatives.

The research focuses on the development organizations: the O&O Investment Fund and the Philadelphia Association of Cooperative Enterprise (PACE), both in Philadelphia; and the cooperative development agencies (CDAs) in Britain. A comparative case study method is used. Comparisons are also made to the second degree cooperatives in Italy, France, Mondragon (Spain), and the kibbutzim in Israel. Support organizations are described and analyzed in terms of their formation, structure, control, financing, and roles as well as how internal interests and environmental conditions interrelated and shape their development.

The research shows that cooperative development organizations in both Britain and the United States are forming mainly because external environmental conditions have created opportunities for cooperatives as a cyclical employment strategy rather than because of internal values of cooperation. Development organizations have different structures, sources of financing, and priorities from second degree cooperatives. Second degree cooperatives must respond to the needs of their member cooperatives. Cooperative development organizations, however, tend to precede the cooperatives. They first must create successful models of cooperatives and demonstrate that cooperatives create jobs in order to satisfy their funding sources.

Cooperative development organizations have shown that they are a vehicle for accelerating cooperative development. However, the present cultural and economic environment, especially in the United States, is not highly conducive to attracting talented people to cooperatives and sustaining the growth of cooperatives. A key issue for development organizations is how to assist cooperatives in attracting or creating "cooperative" entrepreneurs and managers.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Urban planning;
Area planning & development
Classification
0999: Urban planning
0999: Area planning & development
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences
Title
THE ROLES OF SUPPORT ORGANIZATIONS IN WORKER COOPERATIVE SYSTEMS: A COMPARATIVE CASE STUDY
Author
DICKSTEIN, CARLA B.
Number of pages
424
Publication year
1986
Degree date
1986
School code
0175
Source
DAI-A 47/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
University/institution
University of Pennsylvania
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
8614782
ProQuest document ID
303506087
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/303506087
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