Abstract/Details

STUDIES IN THE USE AND VISUALIZATION OF FILM PERFORMANCE: ALFRED HITCHCOCK, ROBERT BRESSON, JEAN RENOIR (UNITED STATES, FRANCE)


1986 1986

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Abstract (summary)

This dissertation begins an examination into the relationship between approaches to the art of performance and directorial strategies for its visualization. In an attempt to determine more precise ways to analyze both film performance and modes of reception, three directors are examined who espouse radically different approaches to the consideration of performance as an aspect of mise-en-scene and whose films provide evidence of divergent visual aesthetics: Alfred Hitchcock, Robert Bresson, and Jean Renoir.

While Alfred Hitchcock privileges aspects of projective performance, his preference is for extra-performance strategies which intensify both the projection of character detail and its reception: in his films, highly choreographed movements and gestures are synchronized to satisfy the exigencies of the director's pre-determined approach to cinematic form and structure. Robert Bresson argues for the absolute purity of the cinema, refusing all traditions of the theater, particularly projective modes of performance: in his films, non-professional performers are strictly forbidden actorly indulgence. Preferring to explicate the physiology rather than the psychology of character, Bresson foregrounds isolated gesture in highly structured montage sequences. Finally, claiming his work begins with the performer, Jean Renoir encourages his actors to explore their characters as individuals by avoiding all cliched interpretations of psychological motivation. When Renoir feels that this inner truth has been achieved, he formalizes his visual approach, generally foregrounding the performers' naturalistic expression of character.

Each exploration of directorial aesthetics includes an examination of spectatorship, casting, direction of performance, and visual style and structure as it relates to performance. In each chapter, this is followed by a case study of exemplary film: Hitchcock's Vertigo, Bresson's A Man Escaped, Renoir's Boudu Saved From Drowning.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Motion Pictures
Classification
0900: Motion Pictures
Identifier / keyword
Communication and the arts
Title
STUDIES IN THE USE AND VISUALIZATION OF FILM PERFORMANCE: ALFRED HITCHCOCK, ROBERT BRESSON, JEAN RENOIR (UNITED STATES, FRANCE)
Author
TOMLINSON, DOUG R.
Number of pages
535
Publication year
1986
Degree date
1986
School code
0146
Source
DAI-A 47/12, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
University/institution
New York University
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
8706791
ProQuest document ID
303513366
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/303513366/abstract
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