Abstract/Details

Influence of fatigue crack closure on the growth rate of surface flaws


1988 1988

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

Inconsistent experimental results of fatigue crack closure studies over the past 15 years have caused recent investigators to conclude that the fundamental phenomena controlling the crack driving mechanisms are not understood. A major contributor to this misunderstanding is an inadequate understanding of the complex three-dimensional nature of closure. This is true for two-dimensional thru-the-thickness cracks as well as for three-dimensional part-thru surface cracks.

To assess the three-dimensional influence of fatigue crack closure on the growth rate of surface flaws, an experimental investigation was conducted using a rectangular plate of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) material loaded in four-point bending. The use of transparent PMMA material and a Newton optical interferometer system with a laser light source provided the capability to simultaneously measure three-dimensional crack opening displacement (COD) profiles and closure loads (P$\sb{\rm cl}$). Experimental results are presented for a constant load test, a variable block loading test, and two constant stress intensity factor tests controlled along the crack free-surface and into the specimen thickness.

The formation of a "void" area internal to the crack surfaces was found to be a major factor in defining three crack types which directly influenced COD, P$\sb{\rm cl}$ and fatigue crack growth. The three experimentally determined crack types and three distinct closure loads are used to establish corresponding definitions of effective stress intensity factor ($\Delta$K$\sb{\rm eff}$). In the closure load region, current prediction models are hypothesized to underestimate K along most of the crack tip boundary due to the different crack types. The crack P$\sb{\rm cl}$, P$\sb{\rm cl}$/P$\sb{\rm max}$ and fatigue crack growth rate (FCGR) data are presented as a function of crack length.

FCGR data are compared using applied $\Delta$K and several definitions of $\Delta$K$\sb{\rm eff}$. Selection from several effective load ranges definitions for calculating $\Delta$K$\sb{\rm eff}$ is based on the best correlation of FCGR data. The use of $\Delta$K$\sb{\rm eff}$ for predicting fatigue cycles was found to be of superior accuracy over applied $\Delta$K.

COD predictions for surface cracks using the weight function approach were found to underestimate displacement amplitude and to not adequately model profile distributions away from the crack tip.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Aerospace materials
Classification
0538: Aerospace materials
Identifier / keyword
Applied sciences
Title
Influence of fatigue crack closure on the growth rate of surface flaws
Author
Troha, William Alan
Number of pages
228
Publication year
1988
Degree date
1988
School code
0183
Source
DAI-B 49/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Grandt, Alten F., Jr.
University/institution
Purdue University
University location
United States -- Indiana
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
8825592
ProQuest document ID
303724651
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/303724651/abstract
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.