Abstract/Details

The effects of interference on simple multiplication problems under three sets of instructions


1990 1990

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Abstract (summary)

Campbell, 1987 used error priming to produce interference effects on error patterns as well as on RTs. This study examined the effects of three sets of instructions (speed, speed/accuracy, accuracy) on error priming. The subjects, forty-eight undergraduate students, were shown a series of multiplication problems involving all combinations of numbers ranging from 2-9, or 72 problems. The problems were presented in the form m $\times$ n = ? on an Apple IIe microcomputer which recorded reaction times (RTs). The results indicated that adult performance on simple multiplication problems is subject to associative interference. However the error patterns and reaction times (RTs) also suggested that the use of strategies plays a role in arithmetical performance. The data provided moderate support for the associative network interference model. Although the effect of retrieval priming on error patterns was in the general direction as predicted by the theory, the RT data were less supportive of the interference position. Furthermore, the effects on error types and RTs were influenced by the instructions. It is argued that the differential performance under speed and accuracy instructions is better explained by a theoretical model that assumes active cognitive processing especially where direct retrieval fails.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Educational psychology;
Psychology;
Developmental psychology;
Mathematics education
Classification
0525: Educational psychology
0621: Psychology
0620: Developmental psychology
0280: Mathematics education
Identifier / keyword
Education; Psychology
Title
The effects of interference on simple multiplication problems under three sets of instructions
Author
Bogart, Karin B.
Number of pages
120
Publication year
1990
Degree date
1990
School code
0659
Source
DAI-A 51/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Meyer, William J.
University/institution
Syracuse University
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
9024385
ProQuest document ID
303891842
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/303891842/abstract
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