Abstract/Details

A study of the utility of a computer-aided adverse reaction surveillance (CAARS)


1991 1991

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Abstract (summary)

The occurrence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in the hospital has been cause for significant morbidity and mortality affecting one in five patients. Individual hospitals, the Joint Commission for Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations as well as governmental regulatory agencies have pressed health care providers to better identify and monitor these reactions. Although a number of ADR monitoring systems appear in the literature, none has documented sensitive, specific and time efficient methods for continuous monitoring of drug therapy.

The method studied in this thesis (CAARS) utilizes a computerized medical record which includes patient specific information from the clinical laboratory, pharmacy and radiology. Decision rules based on a drug's known adverse effect profile were created that would identify potential ADRs. These rules would document a potential APR when a prescribed drug and a clinical event consistent with the decision rules occurred simultaneously. These potential ADRs were subsequently compared to a comprehensive monitoring scheme (which included chart review) and the utility of this computerized scheme was evaluated.

This study found that the CAARS was comparably sensitive and specific to identify patients with ADRs. In addition these ADRs tended to be more severe than those not identified with CAARS. The overall usefulness of this system would be enhanced by monitoring, the total number of drug exposures, all patients with decreased renal function as well as maintaining voluntary spontaneous reporting by satellite pharmacists. The response by nursing may be of significant value to compliment CAARS but much greater education and information feedback mechanisms would likely need to be implemented.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Pharmaceuticals
Classification
0572: Pharmaceuticals
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; adverse drug reactions; drug epidemiology
Title
A study of the utility of a computer-aided adverse reaction surveillance (CAARS)
Author
Bowman, Lee
Number of pages
331
Publication year
1991
Degree date
1991
School code
0183
Source
DAI-B 52/06, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Black, Curtis D.; Carlstedt, Bruce C.
University/institution
Purdue University
University location
United States -- Indiana
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
9132425
ProQuest document ID
303923597
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/303923597/abstract
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