Abstract/Details

Preemployment honesty testing: Construct validity issues and a test of the Person-Situation Question


1992 1992

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Abstract (summary)

Two separate studies were conducted in an attempt to gain a better understanding of preemployment integrity measures and workplace deviance. In Study 1, subjects were told to imagine themselves applying for a job to either a small, large, or no-information (control) organization. Subjects then completed two commercial honesty tests and one other measure of theft admissions. A measure of moral development, a scale of social desirability, and a biographical scale were also administered. It was predicted that one's attitudes toward honesty would be more tolerant when applying to large organizations as compared to small organizations. In addition, analyses were conducted on the construct validity of these instruments. While no group differences were found on the measures, there was evidence for construct validity.

In Study 2, subjects were asked to imagine themselves in an existing organizational situation via a scenario design. The depicted organizations varied in both size and the fairness with which employees were treated. The dependent measure was a self rating of the likelihood that one would engage in behaviors that were violations of personnel policies. Main effects were predicted for organizational size and equity as well as an interaction between them. While there was evidence for an equity effect, there was no size effect. Subjects who were placed in unfair situations rated themselves as more likely to engage in unsanctioned organizational behaviors than those in equitable situations. The implications for honesty testing based on the findings of both studies are discussed.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Occupational psychology;
Management
Classification
0624: Occupational psychology
0454: Management
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Psychology; worker deviance
Title
Preemployment honesty testing: Construct validity issues and a test of the Person-Situation Question
Author
Lasson, Elliot David
Number of pages
178
Publication year
1992
Degree date
1992
School code
0254
Source
DAI-B 54/02, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Bass, Alan R.
University/institution
Wayne State University
University location
United States -- Michigan
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
9310680
ProQuest document ID
304000149
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304000149
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