The federal mandate to desegregate Pennsylvania's state-owned institutions of higher education: A case study of Title VI enforcement
This dissertation is a study of the Federal mandate to desegregate the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania's state-owned institutions of higher education. This study chronicles Pennsylvania's nearly twenty-year effort to comply with Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act as interpreted by the Office for Civil Rights (OCR), United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare/Department of Education.
This study (1) demonstrates why Pennsylvania, historically a leader in the higher education of African-Americans, was one of the first states cited for Title VI violation; (2) describes how the evolving Federal regulations were implemented in Pennsylvania; and (3) analyzes the impact of the various desegregation plans on the racial enrollment patterns in what is now the State System of Higher Education.
This dissertation contributes to the body of knowledge and understanding of desegregation and Title VI enforcement in statewide systems of public higher education, particularly in a state with traditionally black institutions but no history of legally sanctioned segregation. Case study methodology is employed to provide an in-depth description and analysis of the OCR finding and the desegregation effort.