Abstract/Details

Has residential segregation shaped the epidemiology of tuberculosis among United States minorities? The case of New Jersey, 1985--1992


1996 1996

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Abstract (summary)

In the United States seven out of ten tuberculosis sufferers are minorities. During the last decade, the increase in the number of tuberculosis cases has been concentrated among minorities. The question motivating this research is why tuberculosis affects U.S. minorities disproportionately. Given current knowledge about the epidemiology of infectious diseases, risk factors for tuberculosis and the root of the decay of minority neighborhoods in this country, residential segregation seems to be one plausible answer to this question. The objective of this research is to elucidate the extent to which segregation has shaped the epidemiology of TB among U.S. minorities. This analysis is based on data for the state of New Jersey, where urban areas rank among the cities with the highest rates in the country. Individual level data on tuberculosis cases from 1985 to 1992 were combined with 1990 census socioeconomic information at the zip code level. Six segregation indices (dissimilarity index, isolation index and four measures of concentration) for zip codes, as well as measures of exposure to poverty, crowding and immigration for each racial and ethnic group were incorporated in the analysis. A novel Boolean-logic analytic methodology was used, in order to identify configurations of risk factors and segregation dimensions which distinguish communities where TB is very high from three other types of community (high TB, low TB and no TB). The main findings are: (i) A combination of risk factors (poverty, crowding, dilapidation, immigration, proximity to New York City and high population densities) operates in zip codes with very high TB, and significantly distinguishes this type of community from the rest; (ii) For African Americans and all minority groups combined, segregation along two dimensions, i.e. isolation and concentration, significantly differentiates very high TB communities; (iii) The interaction of segregation (i.e. high isolation levels, often coupled with a high density of black individuals), poverty and crowding has shaped the epidemiology of tuberculosis among African Americans; (iv) Immigration (in combination with poverty and crowding) seems to play a more important role in the epidemiology of TB among hispanics and Asians than among blacks.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Public health;
Demographics;
Minority & ethnic groups;
Sociology;
Microbiology
Classification
0573: Public health
0938: Demographics
0631: Minority & ethnic groups
0631: Sociology
0410: Microbiology
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; Biological sciences; GIS
Title
Has residential segregation shaped the epidemiology of tuberculosis among United States minorities? The case of New Jersey, 1985--1992
Author
Acevedo-Garcia, Dolores
Number of pages
242
Publication year
1996
Degree date
1996
School code
0181
Source
DAI-B 57/03, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Goldman, Noreen
University/institution
Princeton University
University location
United States -- New Jersey
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
9621576
ProQuest document ID
304261825
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304261825/abstract
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