The development of planning support systems by integrating urban models and geographic information systems: A framework and implementation

1997 1997

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Abstract (summary)

The information needs for planning include information about description, prediction and prescription. Among the available approaches for providing such information, the urban model (UM) is one of the categories that help planners implement this work systematically. The evolution of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) over the last few decades has had a significant impact on the planning profession. With its powerful capacity for spatial data management, spatial analysis, and graphic visualization, GIS provide planners with a new tool to carry out their work more efficiently. This study proposes a framework to integrate these two techniques to perform the function of planning support systems (PSS).

The framework of UM/GIS-based PSS comprises three components: model knowledge module, model operation module, and transformation/communication module and is constructed on the basis of GIS technique. This framework is implemented by an experimental system that is composed of selected location models (DRAM and EMPAL), a GIS application (Arcview) and a spreadsheet application (Excel). It is built with a GIS application, Arcview, as the core that serves both as the bridge connecting all the system components and the server of spatially related functions. The integration of these components applies the concept of loosely coupled approach, and is implemented by means of Avenue script language and dynamic data exchange (DDE) technique.

The integration of urban models and GIS as PSS provides the planner with a new choice of producing and managing information in planning practice. The major objective of the UM/GIS-based PSS is to automate the process of information production, especially for the category of predictive information, during the planning activity. The goal is achieved by successfully integrating the model operations and information transformation procedures into a consistent desktop environment. The system evaluation, in terms of system effectiveness, flexibility and interface, also shows that PSS based on the proposed framework and integration techniques are useful to planning practice.

Indexing (details)

Urban planning;
Area planning & development;
Information Systems
0999: Urban planning
0999: Area planning & development
0723: Information Systems
Identifier / keyword
Communication and the arts; Social sciences
The development of planning support systems by integrating urban models and geographic information systems: A framework and implementation
Chan, Shih-Liang
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-A 58/07, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
9780591501254, 0591501252
University of Pennsylvania
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
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