Abstract/Details

Identifying women's transportation disadvantage and measuring bus accessibility to medical facilities


1997 1997

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Abstract (summary)

Changes in the settlement, demographic, and economic patterns of urban areas have exacerbated travel imbalances for the economically disadvantaged. Bus services based on peak journey-to-work patterns mask the off-peak, non-work trips central to this group of travelers. The disparity between work and non-work travel particularly affects poor women. This dissertation examines dynamic service needs within the prevalent public transit environment and the provision of options to bridge the gap between the actual travel needs and services provided for this group of women.

The concentration of social conditions within west and southwest Philadelphia is used to identify transportation disadvantaged areas. This geography is overlaid with a measure of appropriate medical facility access based on local bus service. Functional access boundaries integrate spatial, temporal, and client characteristics to define areas accessible to individual medical providers. Coverage between disadvantaged areas and access boundaries are explored for redundant or absent service.

Trip origin data from the Healthy Start transportation program is used to assess these measures. Trip origins are used as explanatory variables and incorporated into an access protocol. The Healthy Start transportation program is also evaluated using these methods. This dissertation compliments previous research and current planning policy by using resource distribution to assess need and to explore the supply of appropriate services into a dynamic urban setting.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Urban planning;
Area planning & development;
Transportation;
Womens studies;
Public health;
Welfare
Classification
0999: Urban planning
0999: Area planning & development
0709: Transportation
0453: Womens studies
0573: Public health
0630: Welfare
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences
Title
Identifying women's transportation disadvantage and measuring bus accessibility to medical facilities
Author
Hacker, Joseph Franklyn, IV
Number of pages
171
Publication year
1997
Degree date
1997
School code
0175
Source
DAI-A 58/07, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780591501407, 0591501406
University/institution
University of Pennsylvania
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
9800867
ProQuest document ID
304369597
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304369597
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