Abstract/Details

How kids create and experience gender and race


1997 1997

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Abstract (summary)

This study seeks to join the emerging literature that uses an interactionist approach to empirically examine how kids develop their own constructions of gender and race. Participant observation took place in two distinctive summer day camps: a predominantly white "typical" camp, where camp groups were segregated by gender; and a "racially mixed" "cultural awareness" camp, with a program intended to encourage kids to learn non-sexist and non-racist ways of being.

Examination of the kids' social practices and conversations show that: kids at the "typical" camp constructed masculinity defensively, protecting its vulnerability from loss of power; and kids at the "cultural awareness" camp constructed race with more fluid and shifting boundaries than did kids at the "typical" camp. In these ways, social context mattered. Several of the ways in which kids "did" gender and race, though, seemed to transcend context: kids at both camps constructed a firm gender boundary in which older white kids segregated themselves; and kids at both camps constructed whiteness as an invisible racial category. Overall, the data support three theoretical generalizations: (1) gender and race are more flexible than the culture often portrays them to be; (2) gender, race and age are inseparable; and, (3) kids "do" gender, race and age actively in response to the situation, not passively in response to biology or socialization.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Sociology;
Minority & ethnic groups
Classification
0626: Sociology
0631: Minority & ethnic groups
0631: Sociology
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences, children, identity, socialization
Title
How kids create and experience gender and race
Author
Moore, Valerie Ann
Number of pages
265
Publication year
1997
Degree date
1997
School code
0118
Source
DAI-A 58/06, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780591475548, 0591475545
Advisor
Gerstel, Naomi
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
9737565
ProQuest document ID
304375913
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304375913
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