Studies of the New Testament traditions in "The Dialogue of Timothy and Aquila"

1997 1997

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

The Dialogue of Timothy and Aquila (TA) is, in present form, a fifth century CE anonymous Greek Christian work detailing a debate between a Christian and a Jew over the proper interpretation of Jewish ("prophetic") Scriptures. Embedded in this work are New Testament-like forms of text which diverge from the mainstream NT mainstream traditions. This raises the question whence these various forms derive, their nature, their possible witness to an early form of NT tradition and whether they may provide a clue to the age, provenance, and compositional history of TA. This study seeks answers to these questions by means of a source-critical analysis in which these materials are comparatively analyzed for their verbal and subject-content correspondence with NT manuscript traditions and early Christian writings. The TA texts are categorized according as they conform, conflate/harmonize, or diverge from NT forms of text. Explanations of these phenomena are offered in further analysis and comparison with other early Christian writings. The analysis reveals the use, not of a single identical and consecutive NT form of text, but of multiple NT-like sources. In addition to the canonical NT and its scribal variants, these include authorial/editorial alterations and adaptations of the canonical stream, harmonized gospel texts, apocryphal or extra-canonical texts, early Christian anthologies, exegetical traditions, liturgical usages, and possible pre- or proto-canonical traditions. Linkages with Diatessaronic readings and other early Christian writings indicate a possible 2nd c. CE (or earlier) date for some of these traditions. The author of TA remains unknown. The document circulated in an earlier 3rd century CE form and suggests a Syro-Palestinian provenance. TA is an "evolved" piece of literature, a compilation not only of diverse NT-like materials but also of historical and literary traditions from various sources, most of which have had an antecedent history of their own. These materials were collected for apparently catechetical purposes by an individual in a "school" or "community" setting.

Indexing (details)

Ancient civilizations
0321: Bible
0579: Ancient civilizations
Identifier / keyword
Philosophy, religion and theology; Social sciences; Greek; Jewish; fifth century
Studies of the New Testament traditions in "The Dialogue of Timothy and Aquila"
Nilsson, Donal E.
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-A 58/03, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
9780591363913, 0591363917
University of Pennsylvania
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.