A study of the feasible relationship between travel behavior and land use patterns: A case study of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania
This research empirically investigates the relationship between physical aspects of the urban form (population and employment density, land-use mix, jobs/housing balance) and travel behavior (modal choice, trip generation, travel time) for work trips at the census tract as a geographic unit of analysis. It provides input into current policies at the national, state, and local level targeted to encourage alternative transportation modes and provide direct input for land use policies (e.g., Growth Management Programs throughout the US). Cross-sectional statistical techniques were used to investigate relationships between land use patterns and travel behavior variables including multivariate regression, linear correlation, and other statistical techniques commonly employed to examine some of the hypotheses found in the literature and public policy pertaining to travel behavior and urban form. This study showed that there are indeed statistically significant relationships between travel behavior and some of the urban form variables while keeping the impact of other variables (income, transit level of service, age, private vehicle availability for occupied housing units, number of workers per family) constant. The findings of this research were used to draw implications on theory, practice, and future research.
Area planning & development;
0999: Area planning & development