Arms and the bishop: The Anglo-Scottish War and the northern episcopate, 1296-1357
This dissertation explores the heretofore unexamined military role of the bishops of Durham and the archbishops of York during the Anglo-Scottish wars between 1296 and 1357. The study focuses on the evolution of crown policy towards the northeastern episcopate. In particular, it will be shown that it was during the reign of Edward II (1307–1327) that the practice began of nominating men with military expertise to serve as bishops in those sees. By the reign of Edward III (1327–1377), the royal government had developed a system by which potential “warrior bishops” were first trained as keepers of the privy seal. What emerges is an awareness that both the bishops of Durham and the archbishops of York, far from being militarily insignificant figures, were actually linchpins of the crown's defensive strategy against the Scots.
This study utilizes primarily printed primary sources, ranging from monastic chronicles to the calendars of close and fine rolls. Certain manuscript sources are used as well.
0335: European history
0330: Religious congregations