A comparison of the costs and educational outcomes of three models of service delivery for special needs students: The full inclusion model, the conservationist model, and the conciliator model
A utility analysis (Levin, 1983) was employed to compare the costs and projected educational outcomes of three models of service delivery for special needs students in a Long Island, New York school district. A Full Inclusion Model, a Conservationist Model, and a Conciliatory Model were developed from the research and professional literature on the “Regular Education Initiative” (REI) and inclusion debates.
The Resource Cost Model (RCM) (Chambers, 1997) or ingredients approach (Levin, 1983) was used to assess the implementation costs of the three models based on a selected school district's special education population and its costs for necessary instructional personnel, facility, and transportation resources.
Representatives of the school district rated the three models for their utility in assisting the school district's 1997–98 special education population to perform on grade level as challenged by New York State's new learning standards in English language arts and mathematics.
0529: Special education