An examination of the use of educational television in southern Nigeria: Its post independence status, with a proposal for advancement
This study examines the pre and post independence era status of the use of educational television in Nigeria, with a proposal for advancement.
The researcher traces the development of television in Nigeria, discusses the medium's extensive and intensive aspects, its importance in education generally and for national development, and also explores the problems that are facing the Nigerian educational television, and the television the television industry at large. The researcher proposes some recommendations for overcoming these problems.
The research was conducted through the review of available literature, books, and documents. Questionnaires and audio tape recorded one-on-one oral interviews were used in gathering information about the current status of educational television in southern Nigeria.
Subjects for the study were randomly selected from among professionals (teachers/users of ETV, and educational broadcasters), general users of ETV (students, and members of the general public) from Ondo, Oyo, Osun, and Lagos states of southern Nigeria. The selection was based upon the fact that the regions covered by the researcher had the following observational points of reference: (a) accessibility to the subjects; (b) the environment of the institutions; (c) ETV/ITV facilities; (d) observable problems.
The Questionnaires were tailored towards the integration of television in the Nigerian education system. Comprehensive Likert scale questionnaire method comprising five response options (strongly agree, agree, neutral, disagree, and strongly disagree) was used to collect respondents' opinions. All the 120 questionnaires were distributed and returned adequately completed. Also, observational data were gathered by watching the recorded educational broadcasts which the researcher purchased from the television station, and listening to a playback of the one-on-one oral interview.
This research exposes the probable success and the immense benefits in the implementation of comprehensive ETV programs if well integrated into the Nigerian schools' curricula. The interviews conducted for the purpose of this research also revealed that educators, school broadcasters, and students alike wished they had the opportunities that are available to their contemporaries in the developed countries like the United States and Britain. They expressed great delight in the researcher's choice of thesis topic because of the paucity of indigenous researchers interested in this area, and for the fact that this study would be readily available to any foreign researcher interested in the educational television status in the developing countries which the Nigeria situation typifies.