Abstract/Details

Thomas Aquinas, Meister Eckhart, and medieval transcendental philosophy


2000 2000

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Abstract (summary)

To the question “What is philosophy in the Middle Ages,” current scholarship has responded with two different answers. According to Jan Aertsen, medieval philosophy is essentially a philosophy of the transcendentals. Aertsen argues that every major medieval theologian, from Bonaventure to Eckhart, asserts that all the concepts of the human intellect can be reduced to a set of most basic concepts, such as “being,” “oneness,” “truth,” and “goodness,” without which nothing could be apprehended by the intellect. According to Aertsen, this reduction forms the foundation of the medieval philosophy project. He has shown in great detail in a recent book how this is the case for the thought of Thomas Aquinas. Alain de Libera, on the other hand, has argued that philosophy in the Middle Ages is the story of the gradual rediscovery, during the 13th and 14th centuries, of the ancient ideal of philosophy as a “way of life.” He argues that Averroes and his Latin followers initiated this development but that Meister Eckhart completed and perfected it.

This thesis reviews Aertsen's treatment of Aquinas and extends it to the case of Eckhart and demonstrates the centrality of this doctrine to Eckhart's thought. But this thesis also breaks new ground in showing that Eckhart's doctrine of the transcendentals forms an essential feature of this synthesis of practical and theoretical philosophy that de Libera argues Eckhart's thought represents. Unlike Aquinas, Eckhart argues that the transcendental properties of being belong properly to God alone. His metaphysics is essentially an Averroistic metaphysics whose proper subject matter is not being qua being but the divine being who, as pure existence, is indistinct from all things. Thus, the transcendence of the divine being cannot be thought without also thinking its immanence. Eckhart's philosophy is therefore a dialectical philosophy that attempts to arrive at a knowledge of God not as “object” but as the immanent principle of the soul's freedom and thus of its transcendence. This study is philosophically significant in that it shows that Eckhart's thought, while thoroughly medieval in its concerns, constitutes a philosophical project that, in its dialectical approach, anticipates German Idealism.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Philosophy;
Religion;
Theology
Classification
0422: Philosophy
0322: Religion
0322: Philosophy
0469: Theology
Identifier / keyword
Philosophy, religion and theology; Eckhart, Meister; Medieval; Thomas Aquinas, Saint; Transcendental philosophy
Title
Thomas Aquinas, Meister Eckhart, and medieval transcendental philosophy
Author
Dobie, Robert Joseph
Number of pages
324
Publication year
2000
Degree date
2000
School code
0072
Source
DAI-A 61/03, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
0599689803, 9780599689800
Advisor
Koterski, Joseph
University/institution
Fordham University
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
9964563
ProQuest document ID
304588586
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304588586
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