Abstract/Details

Occupational skills change and employment prospects for high school graduates in New York City


2000 2000

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Abstract (summary)

This study has two principal objectives: (i) to measure the change in demand for educationally-related occupational skills in New York City during the 1980–1990 period and (ii) to identify predictors of earnings and employment for high school graduate residents of New York City in 1990. The principal data source is the decennial Census of Population for the years 1980 and 1990. The U.S. Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles is used in conjunction with local industry and occupational employment data to directly measure local occupational skills requirements. The study finds that employment-weighted skill means changed little over the decade; for each of six skill measures, parametric and non-parametric difference-of-means tests fail to reject the null hypothesis of no change in average skill demand at the 20% significance level. But a more disaggregated analysis comparing the change in employment by educationally-defined occupational skill groups suggests skill demand bifurcated during the decade. Employment in occupations requiring skills consistent with a college education rose by a rapid 31 and employment in jobs requiring fewer skills that those obtained with a high school education rose by 13%, slightly above the 12% increase in employment for all workers over the decade. But employment in occupations suitable for entry-level high school graduates rose by only 2.9% over the decade and employment in jobs requiring experience or specific vocational training below the college level declined by 2.8%. Microdata analysis shows that a resident high school graduate's employment and earnings in a skills-appropriate occupation in 1990 varies markedly by gender and racial/ethnic group after controlling for observed human capital, other demographic characteristics and industry location. Logit regression models show female gender is a strong positive predictor of mid-skilled employment and black race is a strong negative predictor of this employment. Finally, ordinary least squares earnings regressions suggest that lower returns to human capital investment at least partly explain an observed 18% mean hourly wage gap between high school graduate men and women and observed mean hourly wage gaps of 23%–28% between young, white male graduates and young black and Hispanic male graduates.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Labor economics;
Sociology;
Urban planning;
Area planning & development;
Skills;
Occupational choice;
Young adults
Classification
0510: Labor economics
0626: Sociology
0999: Urban planning
0999: Area planning & development
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Employment; High school graduates; New York City; Occupational skills
Title
Occupational skills change and employment prospects for high school graduates in New York City
Author
Skinner, David Curtis
Number of pages
287
Publication year
2000
Degree date
2000
School code
0072
Source
DAI-A 61/01, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780599599345, 0599599340
Advisor
Heilbrun, James
University/institution
Fordham University
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
9955971
ProQuest document ID
304592944
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304592944
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