Abstract/Details

Evaluation and optimization of detection methods for Rhodococcus coprophilus and sorbitol -fermenting Bifidobacteria as source-specific indicator organisms for drinking water sources


2000 2000

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Abstract (summary)

Surface drinking water sources are threatened with non-point fecal contamination usually originated from runoff that carries fecal material from wild and farm animals, and from leaking septic and sewerage systems. Identification of the specific source(s) of contamination would allow for more effective management and control programs in a watershed.

Sorbitol-fermenting Bifidobacteria and Rhodococcus coprophilus have been suggested as bacterial indicators of fecal contamination from human and animal origin, respectively. The ecology of the bacteria was investigated. Detection and enumeration methods for the two indicators were evaluated and optimized. The effect of environmental and experimental factors in the recovery, detection levels, and false-positive/false-negative incidences were investigated. Membrane filtration, incubation on Human Bifid Sorbitol Agar, followed by confirmation tests is the recommended method for sorbitol-fermenting Bifidobacteria. Filtration-resuspension, spread-plating and incubation on MM3 agar is recommended for R. coprophilus . A survey of animal and human fecal samples confirmed the potential of sorbitol-fermenting Bifidobacteria as a human-fecal indicator and of R. coprophilus as a grazing (farm) animal fecal indicator. The detection/absence of the indicators in the water samples collected during a one-year survey around the Wachusett Reservoir and its watershed in Central Massachusetts agreed with the potential sources suggested by land use in the sampling areas.

The usefulness of a typing procedure to characterize strains of R. coprophilus originated from different animals was investigated. A total of 45 strains of R. coprophilus were isolated from the fecal samples and subjected to a set of biochemical and antibiotic sensitivity tests. The resulting data was analyzed statistically in an attempt to develop a biotyping method that allows for the classification of the isolates according to their animal of origin. The method included carbohydrate utilization tests, growth on sole carbon source tests and antibiotic resistance tests. This method still needs further development, but could be used for the identification of the source(s) of R. coprophilus detected and isolated from water samples.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Environmental engineering;
Environmental science;
Microbiology
Classification
0775: Environmental engineering
0768: Environmental science
0410: Microbiology
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences, Applied sciences, Biological sciences, Bacterial indicators, Bifidobacteria, Detection, Drinking water, Fecal contamination, Rhodococcus coprophilus, Sorbitol-fermenting
Title
Evaluation and optimization of detection methods for Rhodococcus coprophilus and sorbitol -fermenting Bifidobacteria as source-specific indicator organisms for drinking water sources
Author
Arango, Catalina
Number of pages
438
Publication year
2000
Degree date
2000
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 61/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780599956377, 0599956372
Advisor
Long, Sharon C.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
9988763
ProQuest document ID
304605358
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304605358
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