Gradual return to work: The antecedents and consequences of switching to part -time work after first childbirth

2000 2000

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

For many workers, the birth of a child marks the beginning of their work-family concerns. Part-time work is often believed to be a solution to these concerns by child development experts, policy-makers, those in the media, and by parents. Yet, little is known whether switching from full-time to part-time work after the birth of a first child actually helps a first-time mother better manage her work and family life. Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth was analyzed to uncover the conditions that allow a woman to return gradually to work. Additional survey and interview data were collected in the Chicago metropolitan area to see if a gradual return to work would decrease work-family conflict and/or increase work-family satisfaction compared to mothers who continued to work full-time. Results show that mothers who worked full-time before childbirth were more likely to switch to part-time work if they did not work in goods producing industries, were well-educated, were living with their spouse during the year of childbirth, and held traditional attitudes about women's roles at work and at home. While a gradual return did appear to help mothers to some degree, it did not appear to be a major factor in determining work-family conflict and work-family satisfaction. What appeared to matter was whether mothers were working hours that were close to what they perceived as ideal, were working a schedule they felt was accommodating to their families, and were satisfied with their jobs.

Indexing (details)

Families & family life;
Personal relationships;
Social psychology;
Womens studies;
Part time employment;
Working mothers
0628: Families & family life
0628: Personal relationships
0628: Sociology
0451: Social psychology
0454: Management
0453: Womens studies
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Psychology; Childbirth; Part-time; Return to work; Transition to parenthood; Work
Gradual return to work: The antecedents and consequences of switching to part -time work after first childbirth
Kim, Stacy S.
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-A 61/03, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
9780599701205, 059970120X
Goodman, Joan F.
University of Pennsylvania
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.