Abstract/Details

The effects of facework strategies: Evolutionary explanations of face management


2008 2008

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Abstract (summary)

This study proposed that the capacity of managing face issues is essential for human evolution because face management possesses survival and reproduction values. An evolutionary explanation of face management was provided to introduce ultimate and proximate causes of facework behaviors. An experiment was conducted to examine the relative effects of facework strategies on the projected impressions and to explore their relationships with the consequences of face management in solving adaptive problems of resource acquisition and mating. For adaptive problem solving, the findings showed that facework strategies directly affected perceived employability but not perceived mating potential. Additionally, facework strategy users' sex influenced both perceived employability and mating potential. For projected impressions, the findings showed that facework strategies, joined by strategy user's sex, directly affected perceived communication effectiveness and appropriateness, but not interpersonal attraction or likeability. In all, two structural pattern models were generated from the findings to demonstrate face management process in reacting to adaptive problems. The first model indicated that the association between facework strategies and perceived employability was mediated through communication effectiveness and appropriateness. The second model indicated that the association between facework strategies and perceived mating potential was mediated first through communication effectiveness and appropriateness, and then through interpersonal attraction and likeability. The study ended with a discussion of the major findings and an interpretation of those findings in light of the existing research on face management and evolutionary theories.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Communication
Classification
0459: Communication
Identifier / keyword
Communication and the arts; Adaptive problem; Communication competence; Evolution; Evolutionary theories; Face management; Facework
Title
The effects of facework strategies: Evolutionary explanations of face management
Author
Shen, Tsai-Shan
Number of pages
198
Publication year
2008
Degree date
2008
School code
0010
Source
DAI-A 69/10, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780549862079
University/institution
Arizona State University
University location
United States -- Arizona
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3334202
ProQuest document ID
304686012
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304686012
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