Abstract/Details

Long- and short-run relationships between industrial and developing countries


2001 2001

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Abstract (summary)

The purpose of this dissertation was to search for empirical macroeconomic relationships, in terms of growth or business cycles, that exist between industrial and developing countries. In particular, this dissertation is an attempt to identify the channels through which economic events in industrial countries are transmitted to the economies of developing countries.

First, correlation analysis was used to see if business cycles are synchronized between industrial and developing countries. Little supportive evidence was found, which is surprising given the tendency for common business cycles among the industrial countries.

Second, cointegration analysis is used to test whether RGDPs per capita of industrial and developing country trading partners follow the same stochastic growth path over the long run. This could be the case if the benefits of technological progress in the industrial countries are spread to developing countries by way of trade. Limited evidence of cointegration is found.

Third, panel regressions are used to identify channels that transmit economic events from industrial countries to developing countries. By far the strongest channel found was the international real interest rate, which has a negative and significant impact on economic growth in developing countries. Higher international real interest rates discourage the use of debt finance to build either domestic capital or to purchase imported productive inputs, thereby reducing growth. The negative effect of international real interest rates on growth is also much stronger for developing countries with heavy debt levels. Openness to trade, on the other hand, is found to have a positive and significant effect on growth in developing countries, but only if the developing country has a low debt level. Openness enhances technological change in developing countries by enabling transfers of knowledge across borders. In terms of policy, the evidence in this dissertation shows that a developing country can reduce exposure to international interest rate fluctuations and reap benefits from international trade if a conservative fiscal policy is followed.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Economics;
Foreign policy;
Economic policy;
Studies;
Developing countries--LDCs;
Industrialized nations
Classification
0501: Economics
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Business cycles; Developing countries; Industrial countries; Macroeconomic relationships
Title
Long- and short-run relationships between industrial and developing countries
Author
Derrell, Robert John
Number of pages
78
Publication year
2001
Degree date
2001
School code
0072
Source
DAI-A 62/01, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780493087313, 0493087311
Advisor
Basu, Parantap
University/institution
Fordham University
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
9999822
ProQuest document ID
304694182
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304694182
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