Abstract/Details

Phonological constraints on the segmentation of continuous speech


2001 2001

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Abstract (summary)

In this dissertation, I develop a model of word segmentation in which systematic grammatical knowledge guides division of the speech stream into words. When the speaker's intended syllabification is unambiguously signaled by allophonic variation and phonotactic constraints, this information is used to segment the input. However, in the absence of phonotactic and allophonic cues to word boundaries, listeners still assign structure to the incoming acoustic signal. Language-specific rankings of a small set of universal constraints on syllable well-formedness are used to determine privileged alignment points for lexical search. As soon as a syllable onset is identified, the cohort of words consistent with that syllable onset is activated. This is a more efficient segmentation strategy than initiating lexical access at each phoneme, since a syllabic strategy results in comparatively fewer wasted access attempts.

Supporting evidence for the grammatical model of word segmentation is presented in a series of wordspotting experiments. English listeners are shown to resolve allophonic and phonotactic ambiguity by using stress to determine syllabification. A stressed syllable can attract one or more consonants into its coda if followed by a stressless syllable, otherwise onsets are maximized. The Metrical Segmentation Strategy (Cutler & Norris, 1988) fails to account for these results since it ignores the effect of stress on syllabification.

An important difference between the grammatical model and other current models of word segmentation, such as TRACE and Shortlist, is the claim that listeners use the grammar to parse the input into syllables, even in the absence of statistical and acoustic cues. TRACE does not recognize any level of structure between the phoneme and the word. Although Shortlist recognizes explicit cues to word boundaries, such as phonotactics, allophonics, and vowel quality, when such cues are absent lexical access is attempted at each phoneme.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Linguistics
Classification
0290: Linguistics
Identifier / keyword
Language, literature and linguistics, Continuous speech, Phonological constraints, Segmentation, Stress, Syllabification, Word boundary cues
Title
Phonological constraints on the segmentation of continuous speech
Author
Kirk, Cecilia Jennifer
Number of pages
187
Publication year
2001
Degree date
2001
School code
0118
Source
DAI-A 62/10, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780493392745, 0493392742
Advisor
Kingston, John
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3027218
ProQuest document ID
304699404
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304699404
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