Abstract/Details

Physical adsorption in disordered porous materials: Theory and computer simulations


2001 2001

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Abstract (summary)

This thesis is aimed to gain a better understanding of adsorption phenomena, with a special emphasis on hysteresis, an effect commonly observed in adsorption experiments on porous substrates. We approach this problem using an array of statistical mechanical methods and computer simulation techniques. Using a generic model of a disordered porous material we were able to show that disorder plays an important role in confined fluid phase behavior. On the other hand there is an intrinsic link between the shape of the phase diagrams for confined fluids and corresponding adsorption isotherm. For a model of a disordered porous material we have shown that adsorption isotherms are in a good qualitative agreement with experimental data on adsorption of nitrogen and inert gases in silica xerogels, specifically in the hysteresis region. This agreement was further explored, using a molecular dynamics technique that closely mimics diffusive mass transfer mechanisms of adsorption. Using a simple model of an inkbottle pore we demonstrated that commonly assumed pore blocking effects do not play a role in hysteresis formation. We applied molecular dynamics simulation technique to a model of silica xerogel to reveal a good agreement between grand canonical Monte Carlo method and molecular dynamics approach. The nature of this agreement lies in the fundamental physics incorporated into the Metropolis algorithm. Finally, using lattice models of disordered porous media and a corresponding mean field theory, we explored various aspects of confined fluid behavior. In particular, we have shown that the developed lattice model and theory are capable of generating qualitatively correct adsorption isotherms, hysteresis loops and scanning curves. The theory also allowed us to investigate the nature of hysteresis. Hysteresis appears to be an outline of multiple metastable states confined within hysteresis loop. This creates a new angle to look at experimental data and provides a self consistent framework to study adsorption in various materials.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Chemical engineering
Classification
0542: Chemical engineering
Identifier / keyword
Applied sciences; Adsorption; Hysteresis; Porous materials
Title
Physical adsorption in disordered porous materials: Theory and computer simulations
Author
Sarkisov, Lev Gary
Number of pages
142
Publication year
2001
Degree date
2001
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 62/10, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780493393599, 0493393595
Advisor
Monson, Peter A.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3027253
ProQuest document ID
304700277
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304700277
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