Abstract/Details

Mapping the pre -history of cyberspace and the making of social movement computer networks, 1973–1993


2001 2001

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Abstract (summary)

The Internet has a hidden history. It is revealed by application of social history and Cultural Studies theories of media technology development. Perspectives from resistance studies and the critical international political economy of communication must be applied to understanding Internet history. In this context there have been four precursor domains to the Internet of the twenty-first century: public/government; corporate; civil society; social movement. Public Cyberspace was evolved from cold war necessities and gifted to the commercial sector. Corporate Cyberspace evolved from access to public research and grew through the finance industry. Civil Society Cyberspace emerged from attempts to deliver public cyberspace to all taxpayers. Social Movement Cyberspace emerged from non-governmental organization attempts to use the medium for advocacy action.

In the case of Social Movement Cyberspace, there were two initial phases. Between 1981 and 1990 non-governmental organizations from North America, Western Europe, Africa, Latin America and Asia implemented an international protocol called the Velletri Agreement and formed Interdoc as a vehicle fostering the first global Social Movement computer networks. In a second period between 1991 and 1993 groups from throughout the world of NGOs agreed to support a global network dedicated to activism, Association for Progressive Communications.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Mass media
Classification
0708: Mass media
Identifier / keyword
Communication and the arts; Computer networks; Globalization; Media history; Social movement
Title
Mapping the pre -history of cyberspace and the making of social movement computer networks, 1973–1993
Author
Murphy, Brian Martin
Number of pages
295
Publication year
2001
Degree date
2001
School code
0118
Source
DAI-A 62/10, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780493392905, 0493392904
Advisor
Gonzales, Henry Geddes
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3027234
ProQuest document ID
304701616
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304701616
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