Relationship between the concepts of parental monitoring and parental warmth
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of parental supervision and monitoring on adolescent delinquency and to evaluate how the adolescents' perception of monitoring, whether caring or controlling, correlated with deviant behavior. It was hypothesized that if the adolescents perceived their parents (or caregivers) to be either negligent concerning the youth's whereabouts or extremely controlling in their youth's whereabouts, then the youth would have elevated levels of delinquency. However, if the parents were caring and concerned about knowing their youth's activities and whereabouts, then those youth would display little or no delinquent behaviors. Two self-report measures were used, the Youth Self Report and the Loeber Youth Questionnaire, to study the perception of parental supervision in a sample of 30 male adolescents. The majority of the families who participated were middle class, Caucasian residents from the mid-west region of the United States.
Using Pearson Correlations, significant results indicated that youth engage in less delinquent behaviors when their caregivers are perceived as both diligent and nurturing in the way that they supervise and monitor their youth's whereabouts. Neither perceived nurturance alone nor supervision alone buffered delinquency. It was the perception of a combination of these parenting skills that was relative to delinquency. Though further research using a more clinically delinquent population is needed, this study tends to supplement as well as clarify previous research in this area by examining the significant overlap between the perception of parental supervision and nurturance in regards to adolescent delinquency.
Families & family life;
0628: Families & family life
0628: Personal relationships