Free will versus predestination in “Life is a Dream” and “Damned for Despair”
In the middle of the seventeenth century, as Spain goes through a bad crisis in every realm, there is also a flourishing in the literary arts thus, magnifying a period in time filled with contrasts such as the Baroque. Based on their strong doctrine foundation, Pedro Calderon de la Barca as well as Tirso de Molina, emphasize the importance of free will in their respective plays with means of putting an end to different ideologies and theological controversies. In an environment of intolerance towards paganism, the absolutist monarchy intends spiritual unification under the banner of an orthodox Catholicism. Therefore, the church noticeably influences the Baroque theater since this great source plays an important role in promoting the catholic faith. However, more than a solution, the theater of Calderon and Tirso lead to insoluble philosophical questions.