A community risk assessment of San Diego's foster care system
The purpose of this study was to complete a community risk assessment of San Diego, California using the Hawkins and Catalano Communities that Care model. In order to evaluate the factors most likely to prevent San Diego foster youth from emancipating successfully, individual, family, school, and community risk factors were examined.
The study found that San Diego had 6.2% of the total foster youth population in California in December, 2006. Additionally, foster children in San Diego County had a longer average stay in foster care than the rate for California. The rate of usage of relative care in San Diego was slightly higher than that of California. The Housing Affordability Index of San Diego was 12%, meaning that 78% of the population cannot afford to buy a home.
To identify all the risk factors facing foster youth, a longitudinal study would need to be conducted. Social work implications are discussed.