Abstract/Details

Getting inside the world of autism: Implications of social cognitive problem solving skills on aggressive behavior


2007 2007

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Abstract (summary)

Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by impairments in language and social communication, accompanied by stereotyped, repetitive behaviors. Children with autism often demonstrate behavioral difficulties which may take the form of noncompliance, self-injurious behavior or physical aggression, among others. This study set out to examine the ability of a child with autism to process social information, and how that ability relates to the occurrence of physically aggressive behavior. Social information processing was conceptualized as a set of executive functions, which can generally be defined as a set of skills which allow an individual to organize behavior into meaningful action. A sample of adolescent boys from a residential treatment facility was divided into two groups: an autism/mental retardation group (A/MR) and a mental retardation (MR) group. The Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) was used to assess caregivers' ratings of levels of functioning on two general domains of executive skills; metacognition and behavioral regulation. It was hypothesized that the A/MR group would demonstrate greater deficiency across executive functioning skills, and that these deficiencies would lead to higher levels of physical aggression. Results suggest that while children with A/MR did engage in significantly more aggressive acts as compared to the MR group. Ratings of executive functioning abilities did not differ significantly from children with only an MR diagnosis.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Clinical psychology
Classification
0622: Clinical psychology
Identifier / keyword
Psychology; Aggression; Autism; Executive function; Social information processing
Title
Getting inside the world of autism: Implications of social cognitive problem solving skills on aggressive behavior
Author
Perez, Jennifer M.
Number of pages
83
Publication year
2007
Degree date
2007
School code
1128
Source
DAI-B 69/10, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780549871361
Advisor
Lazar, Mary F.
University/institution
Widener University, Institute for Graduate Clinical Psychology
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Degree
Psy.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3334253
ProQuest document ID
304720310
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304720310
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