Abstract/Details

Infant temperament and maternal sensitivity: Predictors of behavior problems in two-year-olds


2007 2007

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Abstract (summary)

The ability of infant temperament and maternal sensitivity to predict 24 month behavior problems was examined in a normative sample of 88 mother-infant dyads from Baltimore, Maryland. Mothers completed the Infant Temperament Questionnaire when their children were 4 and 12 months of age; they completed the Child Behavior Checklist when their infants were 24 months of age. A 45-minute free-play interaction was used to evaluate maternal sensitivity when infants were 4 months of age. Externalizing behavior problems at 24 months of age was predicted by difficult infant temperament at 4 months of age and maternal sensitivity. Maternal sensitivity also predicted internalizing, and total behavior problems at 24 months of age. Low levels of maternal sensitivity moderated the relation between 4 month difficult temperament and 24 month total behavior problems. Results indicate that low maternal sensitivity at 4 months of age interacts with difficult infant temperament at 4 months of age to predict high incidences of total behavior problems when children are 24 months of age. This research demonstrates a need to evaluate maternal sensitivity early in a child's life, before the environment has had an opportunity to affect an infant's seemingly innate temperamental tendencies.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Social psychology;
Developmental psychology;
Personality
Classification
0451: Social psychology
0620: Developmental psychology
0625: Personality
Identifier / keyword
Psychology; Externalizing; Internalizing; Maternal senstivity; Negative reactivity; Positive reactivity; Temperament
Title
Infant temperament and maternal sensitivity: Predictors of behavior problems in two-year-olds
Author
Scaletti, Laura Ann
Number of pages
123
Publication year
2007
Degree date
2007
School code
0434
Source
MAI 47/01M, Masters Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780549691211
Advisor
Sonnenschein, Susan; Feldstein, Stanley
Committee member
Hane, Amie; Schultz, David
University/institution
University of Maryland, Baltimore County
Department
Psychology
University location
United States -- Maryland
Degree
M.A.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
1454788
ProQuest document ID
304757630
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304757630
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