Abstract/Details

Making sense of the Mozart effect: Correcting the problems created by null hypothesis significance testing


2007 2007

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Abstract (summary)

Rauscher, Shaw, and Ky (1993) found that exposure to a Mozart sonata enhanced performance on visuo-spatial tasks. This finding, subsequently labeled the 'Mozart effect', resulted in a flurry of additional research aimed at exploring the nature and extent of the effects of music on cognitive tasks. Exact replications and extensions of these findings did not however result in clear or consistent support for the existence of a Mozart effect. Some studies failed to replicate or generalize the effects to additional cognitive tasks or types of music. At the same time, other studies did find support for the beneficial effects of Mozart (and other music) on cognitive performance. Three studies were conducted to test the Mozart effect utilizing the Mozart piece and one cognitive task from the original Rauscher et al. (1993) study. Results from all three studies did not support the existence of a Mozart effect. Problems associated with null hypothesis testing and an alternative Bayesian approach to the data were explored.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Psychology;
Experiments;
Music
Classification
0623: Psychology
0623: Experiments
0413: Music
Identifier / keyword
Communication and the arts; Psychology; Bayesian analysis; Mozart effect; Null hypothesis; Significance testing
Title
Making sense of the Mozart effect: Correcting the problems created by null hypothesis significance testing
Author
Sweeny, Ryan M.
Number of pages
59
Publication year
2007
Degree date
2007
School code
0165
Source
DAI-B 67/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542985027
Advisor
Howard, George S.
University/institution
University of Notre Dame
University location
United States -- Indiana
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3243295
ProQuest document ID
304817428
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304817428
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