Abstract/Details

Executive functioning as a cognitive characteristic of giftedness


2007 2007

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Abstract (summary)

Research examining the cognitive characteristics of gifted children is limited. Not much is known about the underlying cognitive mechanisms that lead to gifted performance, which confines the educator in the attempt to develop the potential excellence in all learners through enriched instruction. The purpose of the present researcher was to examine executive functioning as a possible cognitive characteristic of giftedness. The process for identifying students for an enrichment program within a specific district in New York was examined. The participants, including second grade students that were screened for but found ineligible for the enrichment program (n = 17), and second grade students that were found eligible for the enrichment program (n = 37), were administered a measure of cognitive ability (WJ III BIA) and a measure of executive functioning (TOL). The first proposed hypothesis asserted that there would be group differences on the measure of executive functioning, specifically, students in the gifted group would score significantly higher. The second hypothesis proposed that there would be group differences on the measure of IQ, specifically, students in the gifted group would score significantly higher. The third hypothesis posed that executive functioning would be a significantly stronger predictor of group membership when compared to IQ. Results supported the second hypothesis, in that students in the gifted group scored significantly higher on a measure of IQ (p = .03) than students in the non-gifted group. Additional exploratory analyses examined the effect that subjective teacher recommendations may have upon the screening process. Results support the lack of knowledge about the underlying cognitive mechanisms that may lead to gifted performance. Future researchers should examine alternative subfunctions of executive functioning, as well as additional cognitive and behavioral characteristics, in an attempt to narrow the definition of giftedness. Implications for school psychology and related disciplines within the domain of education include more effective identification and programming for gifted students, as well as the possibility of developing curriculum that will allow for the enhancement of these abilities in all learners. In addition, there are implications for training programs for school psychologists, as well as those for other professionals within education.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Educational psychology;
Special education;
Psychology;
Experiments;
Cognitive therapy
Classification
0525: Educational psychology
0529: Special education
0623: Psychology
0623: Experiments
0633: Cognitive therapy
Identifier / keyword
Education; Psychology; Cognitive; Executive functioning; Giftedness
Title
Executive functioning as a cognitive characteristic of giftedness
Author
Mueller, Allison
Number of pages
75
Publication year
2007
Degree date
2007
School code
0192
Source
DAI-B 68/07, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780549124177
Advisor
McDermut, Wilson
University/institution
St. John's University (New York)
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
Psy.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3273893
ProQuest document ID
304819697
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304819697
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