Abstract/Details

Before the text: Phenomenology and revelation


2007 2007

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Abstract (summary)

This dissertation explores the relationship between phenomenology and revelation in the work of three major figures in twentieth-century continental philosophy: namely, Martin Heidegger, Jean-Luc Marion and Paul Ricoeur. Why have these leading phenomenologists insisted on employing the term revelation within their 'strictly' philosophical texts? How has this appropriation of an explicitly theological term altered the phenomenological enterprise itself—its methods, its aims, its self-understanding? How has phenomenological discourse, in turn, transformed the meaning of revelation? By focusing on the question of revelation and its deployment within phenomenological discourse, this work seeks to shed new light on what is now commonly referred to as the "theological turn" in phenomenology and, more generally, on the emergence of religious motifs within recent continental philosophy as a whole. Furthermore, it seeks to contribute to the understanding of the recent history of the concept of revelation itself. After a brief introduction to the so-called theological turn in phenomenology, it is argued that two very different manners of treating the phenomenon of revelation have emerged within the phenomenological movement (Chapter 1). The dominant approach (exhibited in the thought of the early Heidegger and throughout Marion's philosophical texts) is chiefly concerned with disclosing the fundamental structures of, or fundamental conditions for, any possible revelation. Chapters 2 and 3 are comprised of a series of close readings of Heidegger and Marion, where it is argued that their "radical" approach leads to a merely formal conception of revelation—one that is purged of its material contents and extricated from the historical and textual milieu of the Judeo-Christian heritage. Chapter 4 turns to the work of Ricoeur, whose "hermeneutical" phenomenology is presented as an important alternative to the "radical" approach of Heidegger and Marion. By incorporating a hermeneutical moment into his phenomenological enterprise, Ricoeur's work offers a conception of revelation that is attuned to its historical and textual character.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Religion;
Philosophy;
Theology
Classification
0322: Religion
0322: Philosophy
0422: Philosophy
0469: Theology
Identifier / keyword
Philosophy, religion and theology; Heidegger, Martin; Marion, Jean-Luc; Phenomenology; Revelation; Ricoeur, Paul
Title
Before the text: Phenomenology and revelation
Author
Graves, Adam John
Number of pages
283
Publication year
2007
Degree date
2007
School code
0175
Source
DAI-A 68/07, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780549117858
University/institution
University of Pennsylvania
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3271758
ProQuest document ID
304821269
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304821269
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