Abstract/Details

Psychosocial stress and major depression: A comparative analysis of Canadian Armed Forces personnel and members of the general Canadian population


2009 2009

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Abstract (summary)

Social antecedents can precipitate and maintain susceptibility to a mental disorder (Pilgrim 2005). Social structures and people's locations within them, for instance, provide a context in which repeated experiences may deteriorate mental health (Pearlin 1989; Aneshensel 1992). If taxing conditions (stressors) are not mediated or moderated, mental distress may arise. It is not necessarily permanent, but it is emotionally, psychologically and/or socially uncomfortable, and a precursor to the manifestation of a mental disorder. By mediating/moderating stressor distress it is possible to reduce the likelihood of a major illness. Using comparative data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) cycle 1.2 and the CCHS 1.2 – CF Component, this research investigates the relationship between psychosocial stress processes and past 12 month major depressive episode for those in the general Canadian population (GCP) and for Canadian Forces members (CF). And as part of the research framework, Wheaton's (1985) additive and multiplicative stress-buffering hypotheses are also tested. Based on the results, I can conclude that the psychosocial stress process operates similarly for CF personnel and GCP members. As well, the salutary effects of coping resources are not contingent on the level of a stressor, but apply equally across all levels of exposure to distress, and can reduce one's risk of a past 12 month major depressive episode.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Mental health;
Clinical psychology;
Public policy;
Military studies
Classification
0347: Mental health
0622: Clinical psychology
0630: Public policy
0750: Military studies
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; Psychology; Armed Forces; Canadian Forces; Depression; Psychosocial stress
Title
Psychosocial stress and major depression: A comparative analysis of Canadian Armed Forces personnel and members of the general Canadian population
Author
Lahtinen, Markus Christian
Number of pages
290
Publication year
2009
Degree date
2009
School code
0026
Source
DAI-A 70/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780494511923
University/institution
University of Calgary (Canada)
University location
Canada
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
NR51192
ProQuest document ID
304833532
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304833532/fulltextPDF
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