Abstract/Details

The effects of an adolescent asthma education intervention on knowledge, intention, behavior, self -efficacy, and self-consciousness


2007 2007

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

Background. Asthma is an inflammatory condition of the bronchial airways. The majority of asthma education interventions target adults and children, while few exist for the adolescent population. Among adolescents, asthma is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Effective theory-based asthma education interventions, designed specifically for the adolescent population, are needed. Purpose. This study evaluated the effects of an adolescent asthma education intervention, based in part on social cognitive theory, on knowledge, intention, behavior, self-efficacy, and self-consciousness. Method. The sample consisted of 87 participants from six middle and/or high schools. The research was based on a nonequivalent comparison group design with delayed intervention in one comparison group. Questionnaires were administered at baseline, at immediate post-intervention, and five weeks after the intervention. Results. When comparing those in the intervention (n = 51) and comparison groups (n = 36), there were no statistically significant differences found. After collapsing across groups, however, statistically significant improvements from baseline to immediate post-intervention were found for knowledge, intention (when alone), self-efficacy, spacer use, peak flow meter use, and number of days a peak flow meter was used in the past week. In addition, statistically significant improvements were found from immediate post-intervention to five-week follow-up for peak flow meter use and number of days a peak flow meter was used in the past week. Furthermore, statistically significant improvements were found from baseline to five-week follow-up for intention (when alone), spacer use, peak flow meter use, number of days a peak flow meter was used in the past week, and number of days a spacer was used in the past week. Conclusion. The evaluation of this theory-based asthma education intervention showed the positive impact this curriculum can have on a sample of asthmatic adolescents.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Public health;
Health education;
Teenagers;
Asthma;
Intervention;
Knowledge;
Behavior;
Self image
Classification
0573: Public health
0680: Health education
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Education; Adolescent asthma education; Asthma; Education; Intervention; Self-efficacy
Title
The effects of an adolescent asthma education intervention on knowledge, intention, behavior, self -efficacy, and self-consciousness
Author
Zografos, Kara N.
Number of pages
117
Publication year
2007
Degree date
2007
School code
0106
Source
DAI-B 69/06, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780549619710
Advisor
Marshak, Helen Hopp
Committee member
Dyjack, David T.; Neish, Christine M.
University/institution
Loma Linda University
Department
Health Promotion and Education
University location
United States -- California
Degree
Dr.P.H.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3311327
ProQuest document ID
304836135
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304836135
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.