Abstract/Details

Laryngeal contrast in Seoul Korean


2007 2007

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

This dissertation is a broad examination of larygneal contrasts in Korean obstruents, particularly in the Seoul dialect where a change in these contrasts is underway. Korean has a three way voiceless contrast among its stops, three categories which are called in this work plain, aspirated, and tense. These categories display several unusual properties. First, the tense stops are typologically unusual if not unique. Second, tense and aspirated stops both seem to trigger a high tone on following vowels, in certain contexts, while plain stops do not. Third, plain stops have a high degree of aspiration, at least for Seoul speakers, such that the contrast between plain and aspirated stops is not one of unaspirated and aspirated, but slightly aspirated and heavily aspirated.

Furthermore, in Seoul Korean, there is a change in progress concerning the plain and aspirated stops. Aspirated stops, as well as having longer VOT, also have longer closure durations than plain stops. In Seoul there is a trend towards closing the gap in both VOT and closure duration between these two manners, such that younger speakers have very little difference in these acoustic correlates between plain and aspirated stops. An apparent time study on these correlates is presented in this work. In addition, a perception study on the apparent time subjects is presented that shows that speakers are relying more heavily on the pitch/tone differences between plain and aspirated stops than the VOT differences.

In addition to reporting on phonetic studies, this dissertation brings together several threads of research on the Korean obstruents in a comphrehensive way: phonetic evidence, phonological representations, suprasegmental patterns, change in progress, spontaneous speech, cross-dialectal comparisons, and historical origins.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Linguistics
Classification
0290: Linguistics
Identifier / keyword
Language, literature and linguistics, Aspiration, Korean, Laryngeal contrast, Phonetics, Phonology, Seoul, Seoul Korean, Tone
Title
Laryngeal contrast in Seoul Korean
Author
Wright, Jonathan D.
Number of pages
153
Publication year
2007
Degree date
2007
School code
0175
Source
DAI-A 68/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780549345145
Advisor
Liberman, Mark
University/institution
University of Pennsylvania
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3292100
ProQuest document ID
304836190
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304836190
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.