Effective neighborhood revitalization strategies: The array and impacts of subsidized place -based investments in Philadelphia

2007 2007

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

Little of the existing literature on housing policy tests the effectiveness of particular strategies. Studies that address program "impact" tend to focus narrowly on the number of units developed or households assisted, and typically fail to link interventions with neighborhood-wide effects; evaluations that do are primarily anecdotal, qualitative accounts. Therefore, the research cannot confirm prior policies' affect on neighborhoods or present policymakers with a strategy for allocating program dollars to meet individuals' and neighborhoods' needs. This project fills this gap by quantifying the interaction between program spending and neighborhood conditions and trends in Philadelphia.

This study found that subsidized investments (the development of affordable housing, particularly owner-occupied housing) appeared to have a significant impact on area values, increasingly so as the scale of investment increased and especially so in weaker markets, affirming initiatives like the "Home in North Philadelphia" policy and HOPE VI-like redevelopment projects. While rarely used by borrowers to purchase housing in weaker markets, low-cost lending was associated with positive neighborhood trends in these areas, particularly when borrowers' incomes exceeded area medians. Alternatively, the concentration of low-cost loan borrowers in "neighborhoods in the middle" was associated with worsening local people- and place-based conditions. These findings suggest that low-cost loans could be a valuable resource for stimulating demand in weaker areas and for making homeownership more affordable in stronger areas. To achieve these goals, though, lending agencies must proactively direct where loans are invested and/or complement home purchase financing with support for unit-based or area-wide improvements.

Indexing (details)

American studies;
Public administration;
Urban planning;
Area planning & development
0323: American studies
0617: Public administration
0999: Urban planning
0999: Area planning & development
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Community development; Housing; Neighborhood revitalization; Pennsylvania; Philadelphia; Place-based investments; Public policy; Subsidized
Effective neighborhood revitalization strategies: The array and impacts of subsidized place -based investments in Philadelphia
Pooley, Karen Beck
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-A 68/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Birch, Eugenie
University of Pennsylvania
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.