Abstract/Details

Emotion regulation in late adolescent couples: Temperament, attachment, and HPA reactivity


2007 2008

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Abstract (summary)

Difficulty managing the stress of conflict in close relationships can lead to relationship distress and internalizing problems, possibly through dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the neuroendocrine stress response system. Temperament, an individual characteristic, and attachment, a dyadic characteristic, have both been implicated in emotion regulation processes and physiological reactivity, yet there is no clear consensus on how the two relate to each other and to stress response, especially after childhood. The present study investigated the relationship between temperament and attachment, as well as how temperament and attachment together predict HPA reactivity in late adolescent couples. Analyses using multilevel modeling (HLM) found direct and interactive effects of partners' negative emotionality on their attachment security, as well as effects of temperament and attachment on their HPA trajectories. Partner's temperament and attachment moderated effects of own levels of these variables, and attachment security moderated the effects of temperament within individuals, with different predictive patterns emerging for males vs. females. Results are discussed in terms of emotional coregulation processes in romantic attachment and how gender role expectations intersect with social-emotional constructs to predict adjustment.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Psychobiology;
Clinical psychology
Classification
0349: Psychobiology
0622: Clinical psychology
Identifier / keyword
Psychology; Attachment; Cortisol reactivity; Couples; Emotion regulation; Temperament
Title
Emotion regulation in late adolescent couples: Temperament, attachment, and HPA reactivity
Author
Laurent, Heidemarie K.
Number of pages
122
Publication year
2007
Degree date
2008
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 69/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780549785958
Advisor
Powers, Sally I.
Committee member
Gerstel, Naomi R.; Pietromonaco, Paula R.; Sayer, Aline G.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Department
Psychology
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3325112
ProQuest document ID
304838143
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304838143
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