Abstract/Details

Facilitating children's learning of augmentative and alternative communication systems


2007 2007

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Abstract (summary)

Children who have complex communication needs (CCN) require development of communicative competence because they are unable to meet their communication needs through natural speech. Attaining communicative competence requires proficiency in four main domains: linguistic, operational, strategic and social. Programs to develop communicative competence in children with CCN using augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) have focused on instruction of target skills or strategies in linguistic, strategic and social competence. Limited research on effective instruction in operational competence exists. The efficacy of various instructional methods or procedures in teaching the operation and use of AAC systems is unknown.

The purpose of this study was to compare the impact of two instructional methods (CF – Corrective Feedback; DSG – Dual Screen Guidance) on the ability of children to accurately and efficiently operate and use a dynamic display AAC system. In the CF instruction method, the current method of instruction most typically used in AAC practice and instruction, feedback and prompts were provided to the child if no response or an error occurs. In DSG instruction errorless learning strategies were employed. Children were guided to the appropriate selection on the shared display screen of a second monitor. Twenty-one children, 10 6-year-olds and 11 7-year-olds, were randomly assigned to an instructional method. Each child participated in five sessions: three learning and testing sessions (Session 1 – 3), one generalization session (Session 4), and one maintenance session (Session 5).

Results showed children given DSG instruction were able to engage in 100% errorless learning during guided practice. Results also showed statistically significant differences in accuracy and efficiency of 6- and 7-year-olds. Seven-year-olds were more accurate and took less time to complete the task than 6-year-olds. Instruction method did not have a statistically differential effect on learning in 7-year-olds. For 6-year-olds, however, those given DSG instruction exhibited different learning curves than those given CF instruction. All children were able to generalize and maintain their learning.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Speech therapy;
Educational software
Classification
0460: Speech therapy
0710: Educational software
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences, Education, Augmentative and alternative communication, Children, Communicative competence, Errorless learning
Title
Facilitating children's learning of augmentative and alternative communication systems
Author
Quach, Wendy
Number of pages
155
Publication year
2007
Degree date
2007
School code
0138
Source
DAI-B 68/07, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780549151210
Advisor
Beukelman, David R.
University/institution
The University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Department
Human Sciences
University location
United States -- Nebraska
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3275080
ProQuest document ID
304838447
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304838447
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