Abstract/Details

Precision measurement of the proton neutral weak form factors at squared momentum transfer ~ 0.1 GeV(2)


2007 2007

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Abstract (summary)

This thesis reports the HAPPEX measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry for longitudinally polarized electrons elastically scattered from protons in a liquid hydrogen target. The measurement was carried out in Hall A at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility using a beam energy E = 3 GeV and scattering angle ⟨&thetas;lab⟩ = 6°. The asymmetry is sensitive to the weak neutral form factors from which we extract the strange quark electric and magnetic form factors ([special characters omitted] and [special characters omitted]) of the proton. The measurement was conducted during two data-taking periods in 2004 and 2005. This thesis describes the methods for controlling the helicity-correlated beam asymmetries and the analysis of the raw asymmetry. The parity-violating asymmetry has been measured to be APV = -1.14 ± 0.24 (stat) ± 0.06 (syst) ppm at ⟨Q 2⟩ = 0.099 GeV2 (2004), and APV = -1.58 ± 0.12 (stat) ± 0.04 (syst) ppm at ⟨Q 2⟩ = 0.109 GeV2 (2005). The strange quark form factors extracted from the asymmetry are [special characters omitted] + 0.080[special characters omitted] = 0.030 ± 0.025 (stat) ± 0.006 (syst) ± 0.012 (FF) (2004) and [special characters omitted] + 0.088[special characters omitted] = 0.007 ± 0.011 (stat) ± 0.004 (syst) ± 0.005 (FF) (2005). These results place the most precise constraints on the strange quark form factors and indicate little strange dynamics in the proton.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Nuclear physics
Classification
0610: Nuclear physics
Identifier / keyword
Pure sciences; Proton
Title
Precision measurement of the proton neutral weak form factors at squared momentum transfer ~ 0.1 GeV(2)
Author
Kaufman, Lisa J.
Number of pages
146
Publication year
2007
Degree date
2007
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 68/03, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Kumar, Krishna S.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3254934
ProQuest document ID
304838842
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304838842
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