Design, fabrication and deployment of a miniaturized spectrometer radiometer based on MMIC technology for tropospheric water vapor profiling

2007 2007

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Abstract (summary)

This dissertation describes the design, fabrication and deployment of the Compact Microwave Radiometer for Humidity profiling (CMR-H). The CMR-H is a new and innovative spectrometer radiometer that is based on monolithic microwave and millimeter-wave integrated circuit (MMIC) technology and is designed for tropospheric water vapor profiling.

The CMR-H simultaneously measures microwave emission at four optimally-selected frequency channels near the 22.235 GHz water vapor absorption line, constituting a new set of frequencies for the retrieval of the water vapor profile. State-of-the-art water vapor radiometers either measure at additional channels with redundant information or perform multi-frequency measurements sequentially. The fabrication of the CMR-H demonstrates the capability of MMIC technology to reduce substantially the operational power consumption and size of the RF and IF sections. Those sections comprise much of the mass and volume of current microwave receivers for remote sensing, except in the case of large antennas. The use of the compact box-horn array antenna in the CMR-H demonstrates its capability to reduce the mass and volume of microwave radiometers, while maintaining similar performance to that of commonly-used, bulky horn antennas. Due to its low mass, low volume, low power consumption, fabrication complexity and cost, the CMR-H represents a technological improvement in the design of microwave radiometers for atmospheric water vapor observations. The field test and validation of the CMR-H described in this work focuses on comparisons of measurements during two field experiments from the CMR-H and a state-of-the-art microwave radiometer, which measures only in a volume subtended by the zenith-pointing antenna's beam pattern. In contrast, the CMR-H is designed to perform volumetric scans and to function correctly as a node in a network of radiometers. Mass production of radiometers based on the CMR-H design is expected to enable the implementation of a dense network of radiometers designed to perform measurements of the 3-D water vapor field, with the potential to improve weather forecasting, particularly the location and timing of the initiation of intense convective activity responsible for potentially damaging winds, rain, hail and lightning.

Indexing (details)

Electrical engineering;
Remote sensing
0544: Electrical engineering
0725: Atmosphere
0799: Remote sensing
Identifier / keyword
Applied sciences; Earth sciences; Atmospheric measurements; Humidity measurements; Microwave and millimeter-wave IC; Microwave radiometry; Monolithic microwave and millimeter-wave integrated circuits (MMICs); Multichip modules (MCMs); Remote sensing
Design, fabrication and deployment of a miniaturized spectrometer radiometer based on MMIC technology for tropospheric water vapor profiling
Iturbide-Sanchez, Flavio
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-B 68/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Reising, Steven C.
Committee member
Erickson, Neal R.; Jackson, Robert W.; Yngvesson, K. Sigfrid
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Electrical & Computer Engineering
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
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